The Bible and the Council of Nicaea.

FALSE STATEMENT

The bible was created 325 A.D. at the Council of Nicaea.

OUR DEFENSE

This is a common falsehood that has been circulating for years. It was made extremely popular by Dan Brown, author of the Da Vinci Code. It should be noted the book itself is a work of fiction masquerading as fact as Brown himself states on page 8:

“In this work of fiction, the characters, places and events are either the product of the author’s imagination or they are used entirely fictitiously.”

Old Testament
According to the Jamnia Theory many scholars claim that a council of Rabbis convened near Jaffa in 90 A.D. to decide which books should be included in the Hebrew canon and which ones would not. This is simply not true. The primary concern of the council was the right of certain books to remain, not the acceptance of new ones. Books that the council had refused to admit were not included in the first place. The rabbis discussed questions concerning Esther, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, the Song of Songs, and Ezekiel. Even though there were questions raised about these books there was never any thought of removing them.1 The Hebrew canon was most likely established around 4th century B.C., but no later than 150 B.C. We can come to this conclusion because the Jews themselves, who from the 4th century B.C. onward were convinced that “the voice of God had ceased to speak directly.” No word from God meant no “new” Word of God. Without prophets, there can be no scriptural revelation. 2

The last books written and recognized as canonical were Malachi (written around 450 – 430 B.C.) and Chronicles (written later no than 430 B.C.). These books appear with the rest of the Hebrew canonical books in the Greek translation of the Hebrew canon called the Septuagint (LXX), which was composed around 250 to 150 B.C. 3

Muratorian Fragment
The Muratorian Fragment is an ancient list of most of the New Testament books. It was discovered by Ludovico Antonio Muratori, a great Italian historian, in a manuscript in the Ambrosian Library in Milan. It is believed to have been written in the late 2nd century, close to 170 A.D. due to the fact it makes to reference to Pope Pius, bishop of Rome (142—157) as recent.4

Conclusion
So as we see, the Bible was created well before 325 A.D. and certainly not at the Council of Nicaea. We can safely rest in the fact that by no later than 2nd century A.D. the bible was already established.

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1. McDowell, p.26 citing Ewert, ATMT, 71 / 72
2. McDowell, p.26 citing Ewert, ATMT, 69
3. McDowell, p.26 citing Walvoord, BKCOT, 589, 1573
4. Muratori, Antiquitates Italicae Medii Aevii (Milan 1740), vol. III, pp 809-80. Located within Dissertatio XLIII (cols. 807-80), entitled ‘De Literarum Statu., neglectu, & cultura in Italia post Barbaros in eam invectos usque ad Anum Christii Millesimum Centesimum’, at cols. 851-56.

Hahneman, Geoffrey Mark. The Muratorian Fragment and the Development of the Canon. (Oxford: Clarendon) 1992. Sundberg, Albert C., Jr. “Canon Muratori: A Fourth Century List” in Harvard Theological Review 66 (1973): 1-41.

Encyclopedia Britannica